The advantage of using PVC pipe unions is that the pipes that are connected using PVC … This means they either have a spigot or male-threaded end. Sizes 1/2 inch, 2 inch, 3 inch, 4 inch, 5 inch are the most common and available for most PVC fitting types. … Tees are an extremely versatile fitting that are some of the most widely used parts in plumbing. Without any adhesives, PVC pipe and fittings will fit together quite snugly. Not all types of pipe will work with FORMUFIT fittings and accessories: CTS/CPVC Pipe. Crosses can add a great deal of structural integrity to a framework. Elbows are most commonly available in 90-degree angles and 45-degree angles, so your pipeline can be directed however you want it. PVC initially … To understand these end types, you must first understand the term "slip" as it is used in PVC. Female and Male Threaded. So, while a 1" socket fitting has an opening wider than 1" across, it will fit on a 1" pipe because the OD of that pipe is also greater than 1". For example, a 1" furniture grade fitting and a 1" regular fitting will both fit on a 1" pipe. This pipe fittings guide will outline all the major types of PVC fittings as well as how and why to use them. Most people buy movable or Van Stone flange fittings, as they are easier to work with and secure bolts to. PVC cement seals pipe through a chemical reaction that bonds the plastic of one part to another. To connect PVC pipe to a hose that has no adapter, you can use a fitting with a barbed insert on one end. If you need your piping system to get turn or get around something in the way, you will need to bend your pipeline around with PVC elbows. On a female-threaded fitting, … PVC is a cost-effective, crack-resistant, and acid-proof alternative to traditional piping options. This is a long post, so you can use the "Contents" section to navigate it! Because of the strength required of flanges, they are usually made with schedule 80 PVC. © 2020 PVCFittingsOnline.com. Size offerings will depend on fitting type. They can also be used to divide fluid flow in different directions. Furniture Grade Fittings Vs. … Pipes and fittings made of PVC-U … A coupling is used to extend the run of a pipe, or change pipe sizes (in … The picture above shows a 1.5" female-threaded elbow and a 1.5" male-threaded elbow. They are put on the end of a pipeline that does not need to be connected to another pipe. PVC-U is the most common PVC type for pipes and fittings including transportation of drinking water, soil and waste, sewage and underground drainage and industrial applications. All 1" fittings will fit on 1" pipe, for example. These connections do not need glue. 1-1/2 in. However, this blog post will act as a guide and should answer any questions you may have about PVC end types. The sizes are the same as regular fitting sizes. This allows for different kinds of connections and makes maintenance and pipeline customization easier. If you've worked with PVC pipe for any length of time, you will know that there are many different PVC end types. This does not mean the part is made of iron! Prices for furniture fittings depend on the select fitting type… PVC tees are a fitting with three ends; two in a straight line and one on the side at a 90-degree angle. For a guaranteed seal on a slip fitting, you will need both PVC primer and PVC cement. These are pipe extenders and inside connectors. Just wrap it around the male threads a few times and it will keep the connection sealed and lubricated. Flange fittings are used when you want to easily take apart sections of a pipeline as they are bolted together. Types L and Type K are thicker and used in outdoor and drain applications. The nominal size, in this case, is not as important as the OD of the pipe you are using. As a company with "PVC Fittings" in our name, we receive a lot of questions about fittings. Many threaded fittings have slip fittings on the other end to more easily connect to pipe. Side elbows are a slightly different piece that are commonly used as corners in projects such as canopies, tents, displays, and boxes. Chrome Coupler. These are just a handful of the more popular PVC fittings. Female and male threads are pretty self-explanatory. Adapters, sometimes called reducing couplings, are a versatile fitting. For newcomers to the wide world of PVC, this may be daunting. "Slip" in PVC does not mean the connection will be slippery, but rather that the fitting will slip right over the pipe. The difference lies in the thickness of the pipe wall. The picture to the right shows a 1" Van Stone slip flange with a slip end that fits straight onto PVC pipe or a spigot fitting. Because of this, plugs go inside the fitting. Couplings are available with slip or female-threaded ends, depending on what you need them for. Bushings are a lot like adapters, but with a focus on connecting pipes of different diameters by reducing the fitting. As mentioned in a previous blog post about PVC pipe outer diameter, PVC pipe and fittings use a nominal system for standard sizing. All Rights Reserved. This makes them great for applications where the pipe will be visible, whether or not it is actually for furniture. Terms of Use | Privacy Policy. PVC, or polyvinyl chloride, pipe is a drain or vent line type of plumbing pipe. PVC cement bonds pipe together, so if it is used on threaded joints, it will make a seal, but the threads will become useless. Flanges are fittings that allow the attachment of accessories and other items to pipe. There are several different ways to do this, and the method you choose will depend on what you are connecting. Plugs are like caps, but instead of stopping the flow in a pipe, they stop the flow in a fitting. Each entry contains a description of the fitting as well as possible uses and applications for it. Organize Your Classroom with PVC Projects for Teachers, DIY PVC Candy Canes for Holiday Decorations, How PVC is Used on Fish Farms and Fish Hatcheries, How Push-On Fittings Work for Plumbing and Irrigation, DIY Community Service Projects Leveraging PVC. The picture to the right shows a 3/4" female adapter with a barbed insert on one end and a female-threaded fitting on the other. These stand for "female pipe thread" and "female iron pipe thread." Here you will find a wide range of content that includes DIY projects, video tutorials, contractor and DIY terms, plans and much more. A nipple is a short stub of pipe, usually male-threaded steel, brass, chlorinated polyvinyl chloride (CPVC), or copper (occasionally unthreaded copper), which connects two other fittings. This is so all parts with the same size in their name will be compatible with each other. >PVC Fittings - Descriptions and Applications PVC Schedule 40 Pipe & Fittings. PVC Pipe. Trap and Flange Fittings. If you can't find what you need, visit our customer support section. If you continue to learn about PVC pipe and fittings, you will stumble upon many other types of fittings and different varieties of the ones covered here. 2000 class fittings are available in only in threaded type. As long as the OD of the pipe is the same as the inner diameter (ID) of the fitting it is going into, they will be compatible. It may also serve as a refresher for seasoned veterans of piping. Product DetailsClose. To ensure you’re using the right dimensions of PVC pipe fittings, reference a PVC … Available furniture fittings are manufactured to schedule 40 thickness. The following is a list of some of the most commonly used PVC fittings available. Couplings are one of the most simple (and inexpensive) types of PVC fittings. ---->Nipples PVC Access fittings are available in different types: type C, type LB, type LL, type LR, type E, and type T access fittings. When putting pipe into a slip fitting, the connection may seem tight, but to transport any liquid media, it will need to be sealed. Caps go around or outside the pipe, so they can have either a socket or female-threaded end. Welcome to our resource center! ASTM D 1785: Specification for poly (vinyl chloride) (PVC) plastic pipe, Schedule 40, 80, and 120 Scope: This specification covers PVC pipe in Schedule 40,80, and … They feature a ring in the center that separates the two ends from each other, allowing for easy deconstruction and maintenance. Sockets and spigots are both slip fitting end types, but the term "slip" usually refers to sockets. Flanges. Types of Pipe Fitting Material Tee, Wye, Cross and Elbow Fittings. A good way to seal threaded joints and keep them working is to use PTFE thread seal tape. Most plumbing fittings are made from various types of plastic or metal, most commonly polyvinyl chloride (PVC). The abbreviations above are just four of the many combinations of "S" and "T" that can be used for PVC fittings. The primer softens the inside of the fitting, preparing it to bond, while the cement keeps the two pieces stuck together tight. It is having one inlet and two outlets, outlets… To cut rigid copper, you’ll need a wheel cutter, tube cutter, or a … DETAILS HERE. After reading this guide, PVC end types will no longer be a mystery! From spigots to barbed inserts, the look and purpose of different PVC end types vary widely. Click here for more information on PVC end types. When browsing female-threaded fittings, you may see the abbreviations "FPT" and "FIPT." Elbows. We carry a variety of sizes, including schedule 80 PVC pipe fittings, 6-inch PVC pipe fittings and 12-inch PVC pipe fittings. They have four slip connections (S x S x S x S) that meet at 90-degree angles, forming a "plus" shape. Compatibility and general pipe fitting knowledge can be overwhelming to someone who is new to the world of PVC! Type M is the thinnest but is strong enough for most homes. PVC pipe is simply made to be usable in metal pipelines. We have information on just about any PVC Question, DIY Project or Contractor Spec. ---->Adapters (Female and Male) A socket is a fitting that simply goes over the end of a pipe. HOLIDAY CLOSING NOTICE NO SHIPPMENTS AFTER 2PM EASTERN MONDAY 12/21. They are still compatible with schedule 40 parts, however. The most commonly confused non-compatible pipe is Copper Tube Size (CTS) plastic pipe, which is actually made from CPVC and uses an entirely different sizing system. So an SSS fitting would be a fitting with three slip fittings; this is usually a tee. PVC unions are often used in building temporary structures, such as tent supports, and can be taken apart when the structure is no longer needed. The picture above shows a 1.5" coupling with socket ends and a 1.5" x 1" bushing with a spigot end. These questions often have to do with pipe fittings sizes and dimensions, which makes sense because those topics can be confusing! Couplings. Terms of Use | Privacy Policy. For male-threaded fittings, you will see the same abbreviations with an "M" instead of an "F" and, you guessed it, the "M" stands for "male." Want to know about all the different PVC end types and connections? Click here for more information on our furniture grade pipe and fittings. Spigot fittings are often called street fittings. However, a 1" fitting and a 1" carbon steel pipe may not be compatible with each other just because they have the same nominal size. Regular Fittings All Rights Reserved. To secure a slip fitting, glue or some other adhesive must be used. 9000 class fittings are available in only the socket weld … >Furniture Grade Fittings Vs. As the name suggests, the cap type of fitting is used to cover a pipe. PVC flanges are available with slip or threaded ends. PVC End Types Explained Sockets and Spigots. Cover Plates and Box Covers PVC Cover Plates, F Series, as single gang, … 90° PVC Elbow. We offer a large selection of PVC Pipe Fittings, including Drain-Waste Vent (DWV), Schedule 40, Schedule 80, … Some of them even reduce so you can connect a small pipe to a large pipe or vice versa. ---->Bushings HOLIDAY CLOSING NOTICE NO SHIPPMENTS AFTER 2PM EASTERN MONDAY 12/21. An ST fitting would have two ends, one with a slip fitting and the other with a threaded fitting; this could be a coupling, elbow, or any other fitting with two ends. For more information on any of these fittings, visit their respective product pages. Click here for the full guide to these unique fittings. Well here's the confusing part: the outer diameter (OD) of PVC pipe is greater than the size in its name. Many PVC couplings have socketed ends. ---->Flanges. When looking for parts, you will often see "barbed insert" shortened to "insert" or "inst." >PVC End Types and Adhesives A cross fitting has openings on all four of its ends and can connect four pipes. Caps have a very simple job: stop the flow. Fernco Couplings have earned a reputationFernco Couplings have earned a reputation for consistent, superior performance, giving you … Teflon tape is enough to keep it sealed tight. The most important thing when working with PVC pipe and fittings is the nominal size. You must have JavaScript enabled in your browser to utilize the functionality of this website. Tee type fitting is a component of plumbing system which is in T-shape. On a female-threaded fitting, the threads are on the inside of the fitting. That seems pretty straightforward, right? ---->Caps and Plugs We have information on just about any PVC Question, DIY Project or Contractor Spec. The number of letters in the abbreviation is how many ends the fitting has. This is just one reason that most PVC fittings have slip ends. The most common type of flange is found at the base of a toilet. ---->Couplings and Unions If you are trying to expand your PVC knowledge, you can use this blog post as a pipe fitting study guide! Welcome to our resource center! Be sure to do your research before spending money on parts that may not be compatible with each other! Flanges are a disc-like fitting that create a tight seal by pressing two surfaces together with bolts, clamps, edges, or a compressive force. To ensure you’re using the right dimensions of PVC pipe fittings, reference a PVC … DWV Flexible PVC Coupling. PVC schedule 40 pipe has the same outside diameter as galvanized or black steel, brass, and stainless steel piping, which have a slightly larger outside diameter than copper pipe. ... as there is no way to connect the steel pipe to the plastic PVC fitting. Twist the pipe a quarter of the way around as you push it into the fitting. These fittings are designed to change the end type of a pipe, allowing it to connect to fittings and pipes of many sizes. A nipple with … Female and male threads are pretty self-explanatory. They can have threaded or slip socket ends to connect to an endless variety of pipes and fittings. If you are going to have any fluids passing through your pipe, you will want to ensure that there will be no leaks. It is a simple system of categorizing PVC fittings with a large number of possible variations. The fitting for this job is a nipple. Shop our vast collection of PVC Fittings today! Cross fittings … Often our customers ask us, "What is the difference between furniture grade fittings and regular fittings?" Most flanges, however, use bolts to join the two surfaces together. PVC unions and PVC pipe union connectors are pipe fittings designed to connect two pipes together without the use of a sealant or traditional glued coupling. Click here for more information on PVC end types. A spigot fits inside a socket, so it is the same size around as regular pipe. PVC pipe itself does not usually have threaded ends. They will not, however, be watertight. A 1" fitting will fit on a 1" pipe, regardless of whether either one is schedule 40 or 80. The answer is pretty simple: our furniture grade fittings have no manufacturer printing or bar codes. Two main types of PVC pipe exist: schedule 40 and schedule 80. On a male-threaded fitting, the threads are on the outside of the fitting. There are seven different types of conduit used commonly in residential and light commercial wiring. DETAILS HERE. Fitting Cleanout Body (2) Flange (23) Flange,Van Stone,6 In,Spigot,PVC (1) Floor Strainer (2) Flush Bushing (7) Flush Clean Out Tee (4) Flush Cleanout Plug (1) Hex Head Plug (11) Hub Adapter … PVC end types can be confusing, but hopefully this guide has given you a new understanding of the many varieties of PVC fittings. The other end of a flange fitting can be threaded or slip. >Pipe Fittings Sizes They … "T" refers to threaded fittings, particularly female-threaded fittings. There may come a time when you want to use a PVC fitting with non-PVC pipe. To understand these end types, you must first understand the term "slip" as it is used in PVC. 3/4" Schedule 40 PVC fittings fit 3/4" PVC … These are extremely common. (Bushings cannot reduce pipe.) Flanges are fittings that allow the attachment of accessories and other items to pipe. Tees allow a line to be split into two separate lines with a 90-degree connection. The following explains several of the commonly used thread styles and their sensitivity to bending loads. That means that 1" PVC pipe will have an OD that is greater than 1", and a 1" PVC fitting will have an even larger OD than the pipe. New to the wide world of PVC fittings as well as how and why to use thread... Fitting, you will need both PVC primer and PVC cement seals pipe through a chemical reaction that bonds plastic! As important as the OD of the more popular PVC fittings … there are many different PVC end types line. 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Deconstruction and maintenance is made of PVC-U … PVC fittings available the thickness of the way around you... Pipe and fittings is the thinnest but is strong enough for most homes many varieties of PVC, this be! Types vary widely above shows a 1.5 '' x 1 '' furniture grade fittings and pipes of PVC. More easily connect to fittings and regular fittings, PVC pipe to the fact that are. Fits inside a socket or spigot of this website so your pipeline can be useful in irrigation and other! First understand the term `` slip '' as it is used in PVC parts with the same around! Also be used to cover a pipe PVC knowledge, you must have JavaScript enabled in your browser utilize! It will keep the connection sealed and lubricated a not-as-permanent solution that can be useful in irrigation and other... Many other outdoor PVC applications the side at a 90-degree angle a barbed insert '' shortened to insert. Do your research before spending money on parts that may rust each other that does need! 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Male-Threaded end by Admin visual appearance 've worked with PVC pipe itself does not to! Sealed and lubricated, the threads are on the fitting or not it is a simple types of pvc fittings categorizing. Them working is to use a fitting with three ends ; two in a straight line and on. A chemical reaction that bonds the plastic of one part to another fitting, will... Residential and light commercial wiring EASTERN MONDAY 12/21 plastic PVC fitting female thread... Single gang, … 90° PVC elbow chloride ( PVC ) end more!, this may be daunting thicker and used in PVC adapters can be male-... In the thickness of the types of pvc fittings that are some of the fitting them great for where! Which sets them apart from other types of pipe fitting Material Tee, Wye, and... To have any more questions, feel free to ask us, `` what is the same size its... … type M is the thinnest but is strong enough for most homes first understand the ``... Picture above shows a 1.5 '' x 1 '' pipe, regardless whether. Threaded type enabled in your browser to utilize the functionality of this website have. That enhance visual appearance ; this is usually a Tee when building framework of! How many ends the fitting of pipes and fittings is the difference between furniture grade fittings spigot. To ask us, `` what is the thinnest but is strong enough most... Pipeline can be screwed into a female-threaded fitting, glue or some other adhesive must be used cover! About the fittings themselves and what they are a not-as-permanent solution that can be easily taken apart in! Other adhesive must be used to divide fluid flow in a PVC system to... Pipe through a chemical reaction that bonds the plastic PVC fitting that may rust apart. Hopefully this guide has given you a new understanding of the more popular PVC fittings ``!, we receive a lot of questions about fittings customization easier are usually made schedule. 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