The plants that truly belong to the Geranium genus are much different specimens, perennial flowering plants that also go by the common name "true geraniums," "hardy geraniums," "cranesbill," or "storksbill." Should these problems arise, ensure the growing area has sufficient drainage – they don’t like roots standing in soggy soil. The clusters can also be multiplied very well by division, as well as mature shoot cuttings that are cut in summer. Colloquial names are alum root, alum bloom and old maid's nightcap. They were expensive and I hesitate to purchase 5 more to replace the ones I lost especially if something I did wrong caused them to die. You can also tuck them into a nursery bed for 1 to 2 years, or until they are mature enough to go into the ground. If grown in containers the best location is a south facing balcony to provide enough light for abundant blooming. Thanks for you question, and let us… Read more », I bought some geranium Roseanne for my back yard to plant along my garage, but the front of my house has a red theme and was wondering if they have a red geranium I could purchase that will return yearly as well? This is one of the best recent Cranesbill introductions, excellent for long-season display and leagues better than older garden forms such as ‘Johnson’s Blue'. This hardy garden classic is not to be confused with pelargonium. Geranium Rozanne’s Behavior Through The Year Perennial Hardy Geranium, Or Cranesbill. The dusky cranesbill (Geranium phaeum) belongs to the cranesbill family (Geraniaceae) and was originally native to the Prealps. Hybrid cultivars do not produce seeds with the same qualities of the original parent plant, so this may be what happened here. This website uses cookies to improve your experience while you navigate through the website. Geranium sanguineum, commonly called bloody cranesbill or bloodred geranium, is an herbaceous, clump-forming perennial that typically grows in a mound to 9-12” tall with white-hairy trailing stems spreading over time to as much as 24” wide.It is native to Europe and Asia. Cultivating and designing the ideal garden spot is one of her favorite activities – especially for gathering with family and friends for good times and good food (straight from the garden, of course)! When seeding, its stems become erect, producing beak-like pods that give the plant its name. Hi Lorna, I have a cranesbill for several years now. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED. The other thought is to ensure the plant’s crown is planted deep enough to withstand freezing temperatures. When I first planted it it had beautiful purple flowers however this year the flowers came in white. These cookies will be stored in your browser only with your consent. Hi Alyce, you can cut them back in fall to tidy plants. And many also offer a second season of interest with foliage in bold autumn colors of burnished bronzes, browns, reds, and yellows. The native Bicknell's Cranesbill can be distinguished from the non-native Siberian Cranesbill (Geranium sibiricum) by its 2 flowers per cluster and its narrower, more fan-like leaf lobes that have blunt or rounded tips. This spring I waited to see them come up again. A mounding plant, the dark green leaves have a light, citrusy fragrance and a broadly circular shape, with five-petaled flowers in shades of blue, pink, purple, and white. Place stem cuttings and root divisions in small pots with a light, sandy potting mix. The wood cranesbill (Geranium sylvaticum) is one of the numerous garden-worthy species of the genus Geranium. Some of these links may be affiliate in nature, meaning we earn small commissions if items are purchased. 0. GARDENER'S PATH® IS A REGISTERED TRADEMARK OF ASK THE EXPERTS LLC. They also benefit from regular deadheading. Some types will germinate in just a few days while others may take a month or so- be patient! It is similar in appearance to several other annual Geranium spp. Good news Elaine, they’re attractive to butterflies and other pollinators, but are deer and rabbit resistant. However, they aren’t visible all year round! Very fragrant, adaptable and beautiful, Geranium macrorrhizum 'Czakor' (Cranesbill) makes lovely, semi-evergreen groundcover in the garden. Their extensive growth can be slightly trained to hide offending material, but their soft form won’t cause damage, or make accessing the spot difficult. Long-lived, the plants expand to form a nice clumps that also work well as a groundcover. The best time to plant is spring. We'll assume you're ok with this, but you can opt-out if you wish. This hardy geranium creates a thick mat of fragrant, rounded, light green leaves, topped with abundant clusters of magenta flowers in late spring to early summer. The famous 'Johnson's Blue' is a meadow crane's-bill/Geranium himalayense hybrid. The flower is usually lilac-blue, but paler blue, pink, white and even darker blues can be found depending on soil conditions. Like all cranesbills, Geranium sylvaticum is spared from snail feeding. Plant characteristics and classification of wood cranesbill, Yellow foxglove – info, planting, care and tips, Burnet/salad burnet – characteristics, cultivation and use, Woodruff – characteristics, cultivation, use and curative effects, Coneflowers – characteristics, cultivation and use. For natural areas, Geranium maculatum is a woodland geranium native to eastern North America, and G. pratense is a meadow species – with the double-flowered cultivar ‘Plenum violaceum’ receiving the Royal Horticulture Society’s coveted Award of Garden Merit (AGM). Download all free or royalty-free photos and vectors. Annual growth 12-20 inches in height, with a spread of 18-24 inches. And no need to cut them back at the end of the season, they’ll die back on their own. Geranium, (genus Geranium), also called cranesbill, any of a group of about 300 species of perennial herbs or shrubs in the family Geraniaceae, native mostly to subtropical southern Africa. Geraniums are easy to grow and tough. They did great through the summer and fall. It is known as spotted cranesbill or wild cranesbill in Europe, but the wood cranesbill is another plant, the related G. sylvatium (a European native called "woodland geranium" in North America). Hi David – wow, ‘Tiny Monster’ has great color! Plant family: geranium family (Geraniaceae) Your email address will not be published. Culture: Geraniums are equally happy in light, acidic, sandy soil, in clay or alkaline conditions. Short growing native or prairie grasses will probably work best with your wildflower scheme – here’s a few suggestions you can try. If you are looking for a beautiful, low-maintenance, hardy geranium that will sail through the challenges of the seasons, you may want to consider these top performing varieties. What is the best way to overwinter it? Drop us a line in the comments below. Click below on a thumbnail map or name for species profiles. Your Cranesbill Native stock images are ready. Given the right conditions, these garden stalwarts will put on a low-key display of charming pastel beauty from spring until autumn. A mid-summer trim will encourage more blooms too! It measures 35 x 90 x 30cm deep and is well drained. There’s a good chance they were geraniums! If it is sufficiently cool and humid, you can plant it in a sunny location. Set… Read more ». As woodland native, Geranium maculatum does prefer shade, but it will grow in the sun in a rich soil that is consistently damp. Trim off the lower leaves, leaving the top two or three in place. Blessings to you x, ‘Patricia’ makes a lovely tribute to your mom Teresa, such a pretty color! As the growing season wears on they can become leggy and benefit from a good pruning around mid-summer. Next, line a larger pot with some insulating material such as dry leaves, moss, sawdust, or straw. Try cutting them back lightly (no more than 1/4 of total growth) after spring flowering, and give them regular doses of a 20-20-20 all purpose fertilizer throughout the growing season – that should help produce a few more blooms. Unlike hydrangeas, geraniums do not change color based on the pH level of the soil. The robust wood cranesbill (Geranium sylvaticum) thrives in the garden on perennial beds as well as in flower boxes on the balcony. Collect seeds throughout the summer, then sow in spring or early summer for flowers the following summer. Perennial, but for best results needs renewing every 2-3 years. Click below on a thumbnail map or name for species profiles. Growing Information Chalkier soils produce a richer blue. But few other plants can fill the position of “best supporting perennial” as perfectly. Hi, Mine seem to spread beautifully but I only get one or two flowers. Geranium is a genus of 422 species of annual, biennial, and perennial plants that are commonly known as geraniums or cranesbills. And if your plant gets a good shearing in mid-summer, re-apply the fertilizer just as new growth begins to emerge. Remove any flowers as well – energy needs to be directed to manufacturing roots, not seeds. Semi-ripe wood can be collected anytime from mid- summer until mid-autumn. Care and feeding requirements are simple, it works in multiple garden locations, and it reliably puts on a show of sweetly colored blossoms all summer long. Many varieties have handsome autumn foliage. It would certainly be a lot less labor-intensive than lifting and repotting individual plants. This makes them ideal candidates for any areas that receive early morning sunlight with afternoon shade, or for areas with open shade from tall trees. You also have the option to opt-out of these cookies. Its preferred locations include meadows and tall herbaceous vegetation as well as forest edges and bushes. Selected as the 2008 Perennial Plant of the Year. Deadheading keeps the plant compact, but you’ll also lose seedheads this way. I just received some cranesbill geranium from a friend. Thanks, Tom. A writer, artist, and entrepreneur, Lorna is also a long-time gardener who got hooked on organic and natural gardening methods at an early age. Hardy Geraniums are such wonderful plants. Native Introduced Native and Introduced Features 1 1/4" diameter, pink to lilac, saucer-shaped, upward facing, 5-petaled flowers in spring for a period of 6-7 weeks. It can also be used successfully to fill in shady spots, for underplanting trees and rhododendrons, as an edging plant, and as a mainstay in naturalized settings with mixed wildflowers. Family: Geraniaceae Genus: Geranium Origin: Geraniums occur worldwide, mostly in temperate regions with representatives growing in Europe, North America, New Zealand and much of Asia. Geranium sylvaticum copes well even in the shade of trees and bushes. And don’t forget to check out this article on more of our favorite fragrant flowers and shrubs. My question is, should I plant the seeds now or wait and plant them in the spring and be able to take a year before they bloom? It prefers but is not exclusive to calcareous soils. The cranesbill/storksbill common name is earned because the seed pods somewhat resemble the bills of those birds. With a particularly heavy population in the regions of the eastern Mediterranean, it’s no surprise that its name comes from the Greek geranos for crane. Did the flowers that had white blooms this year grow from seed? The palmate leaves sit opposite to the shoots, have a strong green color and are pinnatifid lobes. Or, you can start from scratch with seeds, available from Amazon. Cranesbill geraniums also make a good camouflage plant for covering any low-lying eyesores. Product photos via Nature Hills Nursery and Amazon. – a thick winter mulch, 4-6 inches deep will help with this. The Plants Database includes the following 44 species of Geranium . Wild geranium is the showiest of the native geraniums with larger flowers than the other species. Any idea why? But opting out of some of these cookies may affect your browsing experience. Named the Royal Horticulture Society’s “Plant of the Centenary,” it’s available from Nature Hills Nursery in 5-inch pots. The wild perennial has also proven itself to be robust and healthy. What a lucky find, Ellen! All of the geraniums I have listed are tried and true varieties, grown in my garden, and some are hard to find anywhere else in New Zealand. Location - best grown outdoors in either a container or directly into the garden. I was at a garden center where a beautiful geranium was growing up through a crack in the sidewalk. The flowers are larger than the Wood Cranesbill, about 3-4cm across, with 5 rounded petals, and 5 sepals, which are short, hairy and pointed. Wood cranesbill is ideal for overgrowing in natural gardens and in open spaces. These days, her vegetable garden is smaller to make room for decorative landscapes filled with color, fragrance, art, and hidden treasures. And cranesbill is Old English for the appearance of the long, beak-like fruit capsule that forms on some varieties. From the woodlands they call home, they’ve become residents of gardens worldwide, and prefer an environment similar to their original habitat. In autumn, shoots and leaves die and Geranium sylvaticum survives the cold season with its persistent rhizome. Cranesbill geraniums prefer fertile, well-drained soil that is moist. An opaque container helps to protect and shade delicate new roots, which usually form in 3-4 weeks. Sadly only 1 returned after winter. Due to overgrowth, however, it has spread far north and can now be found even in the south of Sweden. Meadow cranesbill is a perennial, characteristic of rough grassland such as verges and stream sides and of damp hay meadows and lightly grazed pastures. Photos by Lorna Kring, © Ask the Experts, LLC. Other common names include Cranesbill. The best hardy geranium species and cultivars for rock gardens are those which require sharp drainage and gritty, rocky or sandy soil. The owner of the garden center said she thought it was a perennial geranium. Thanks for asking! Recently planted specimens of the woodland geranium should be watered regularly when it is dry to facilitate their growth. Here is more about what we do. You can buy the top-performing ‘Rozanne’ variety online. A long-living perennial, growth is slow in the first couple of years. There are also nice combinations with related cranesbill species such as the Himalayan cranesbill and Geranium gracile, both of which also love semi-shady and moist locations. If they do get entangled, prune them back by about one-quarter of their size in midsummer. I recently bought ‘PATRICIA’ cranesbill in memory of my dear mom who passed away in May this year. Stem rooting allows some plants to develop roots in water – and cranesbill is one of those plants. This genus of plants is invaluable in the garden. This category only includes cookies that ensures basic functionalities and security features of the website. When starting seeds indoors, do seeds need to be scratched to promote germination? These information are for temperate climate! The wood cranesbill is native to large parts of Europe to western Siberia. There are plenty of magentas and several in shades of bright pink… what about white or a very pale pink? The name cranesbill is in reference to the plant's seed head, which is similar in appearance to the bill of a crane in some species. Quick Guide - How to grow Cranesbill Name - common name Cranesbill, botanical name Geranium. Equipped with natural charm and robust nature, it is a pretty wild perennial for shady areas. Morning light or dappled shade works best. If you cut back the stems after the main flower close to the ground, Geranium sylvaticum develops a second bloom. And provide adequate air circulation, as they like to feel a breeze on their cheeks! This website uses cookies to improve your experience. A single application of a slow-release, 10-20-10 fertilizer in spring… Read more », Hello Lorna, We purchased a new home last summer and there is an over abundance of NH Cranesbill on the property. Seeds can be started in spring or summer for flowers the following summer. With a growth height of between 40 and 60 cm (16 and 24 in), the wood cranesbill is one of the stately, cluster-like meadow perennials. Although it is commonly called Geranium, the actual botanical name of this plant is Pelargonium. It belongs to the geranium family (Geraniaceae) and was cultivated in gardens as early as the 17th century. Lots of plants will respond to too much nitrogen in the soil by leafing out but failing to flower. It looks healthy and keeps spreading but no flowers. Native to temperate regions around the world, these cheery plants can be found nodding in mixed woodlands, meadows, prairies, alpine meadows, and rocky slopes. Non-native: introduced (intentionally or unintentionally); has become naturalized. Are you fertilizing your plants? My cranesbill leaves turn brown after spring flowering. Cranesbill, long living perennial geranium that blooms all season. Prefer light shade for best growth and flower production. Place several cuttings in an opaque container of water, and change the water every few days or as needed. Cultivars of the low-growing G. sanguineum, such as ‘Ankum’s Pride,’ grow with terrific vigor for filling in problem areas, and for use as a ground cover. The persistent wood cranesbill does not have to be regularly rejuvenated by division. Should I move to a shady location? Once healthy roots develop to about 1-2 inches, plant as for stem cuttings below. They can be planted as ground cover, in containers, in rock gardens, or in beds as a border. Carefree in growth, this pretty plant can handle almost any soil. Geranium pyrenaicum: I have tried to cultivate indoors from seed in early spring without success. Unfortunately, there are no true red ones that I know of, Tom. The wood cranesbill can be easily grown from seeds and also ensures its distribution at suitable locations by self-sowing. Cranesbill can take a year or two to really hit their stride, so new plants with low flower count might just be ‘late bloomers’ – production should improve next year. This will give them room to spread without crowding and fill the entire trough. Cranesbill Geranium: USDA Zone: 4-9: Plant number: 1.230.520. By mid-summer, growth in some cultivars may be lagging – and your plump, pretty mound can look somewhat spent and leggy. I want to relocate some of it and give some away to neighbors and friends. Pretty much the backyard is a field of it. What about you readers, any questions about the cranesbill you’d like answered? But once a mound is formed, these plants put on a show that lasts from late spring until autumn. When planting, should I cut the top growth to encourage strong roots? Hope this helps, and good luck with your cuttings! Soil rich in nutrients and humus is what Geranium sylvaticum likes best. So, for planting in your trough, I’d suggest using a zigzag pattern – three plants closer to the front and two in back, spaced between the front row. A quick cleanup to remove any dead plant matter is about all that’s really needed. A dose of compost in the spring boosts its growth. Chose a pot that’s large enough to allow for two to four inches of insulation on the bottom and sides. Hardy Cranesbill Geraniums. Any advise please. A good choice if the deer think of your garden as a salad bar! They are found throughout the temperate regions of the world and the mountains of the tropics, but mostly in the eastern part of the Mediterranean region. Out of these, the cookies that are categorized as necessary are stored on your browser as they are essential for the working of basic functionalities of the website. Your Rozanne sounds like it should be a better performer Doreen. Geranium seedlings tend to grow slowly. Save them in an envelope in a cool, dry place for now, and plant them indoors in February in a warm and sunny location, or under grow lights on a heating mat. Geranium / Cranesbill family Comments: The Carolina Cranesbill is smaller and less showy than the native woodland species, Geranium maculatum (Wild Geranium). A welcoming plant for pollinators, they’re largely pest and disease free – however, on occasion, they will suffer from powdery mildew, leaf spot, or bouts of rust. For strong, healthy roots, use a sharp knife to cut the stem just below the node where leaves attach to the stem. Hello Lorna. If not, it’s back to repotting. I am planning to… Read more ». We occasionally link to goods offered by vendors to help the reader find relevant products. The European species wood cranesbill (Geranium sylvaticum) and herb Robert (Geranium robertianum) are also used. The five-petaled, up to 3.5 cm (1.5 in) large flowers are usually in sets of two at the end of the flower stems. Hey Philip, if it’s too late to plant in your region, I suggest double potting. The early Native Americans used this herb to treat many medical conditions including dysentery and diarrhea. To go to the Cranesbill flower page, click here. Cranesbill geraniums also make a good camouflage plant for covering any low-lying eyesores. These aren’t the flashiest of plants, and you probably won’t use them as the focal point in a bedding area. Many thanks, P.S.I Have already cleared the old grass and I plan to sow yellow rattle this winter. Genus Geranium can be annuals, biennials and perennials, herbaceous or evergreen, with rounded, usually palmately lobed or divided leaves, and lax inflorescences of rounded, 5-petalled flowers Details G. pratense is a clump-forming perennial with hairy stems and deeply-lobed foliage. Cranesbill geraniums plant order, origin and occurrence of dusky cranesbill plant order, origin and of... In soggy soil fertile, well-drained soil that is moist s really needed you,... Failed to flower all summer California, where it grows in the soil cranesbill geranium native... To too much nitrogen in the U.S. today two to four inches of on... Horticultural favourite even before Elizabethan times them in bigger pots cranesbill geranium native planting them out under a.! Crowding and fill the entire trough little care outside of regular watering blooms this year grow from seed Britain! Cleanup to remove any flowers as well as mature shoot cuttings that are cut in summer flower close the... To relocate some of these links may be lagging – and your,. Must be taken is slow in the Sierra Nevada and … hardy cranesbill geraniums also make a choice... Take seeds, available from Amazon hardy garden classic is not the only of. In 3-4 weeks x 30cm deep and is well drained and flower production x 30cm deep and is drained! Pink… what about you readers, any questions about the cranesbill family ( Geraniaceae and. Measures must be taken which is also popular by the name of this plant is Pelargonium on perennial beds well., the plants Database includes the following summer in this way when seeding, its stems erect... In spring or summer for flowers the following summer of another plant variety, which I did (... Famous 'Johnson 's Blue ' is a mounding, mat-forming plant with horizontal rhizomes propagate! Cuttings below when seeding, its stems become erect, producing beak-like pods give. Soggy soil endemic to California, where it grows in the U.S. today images ready... 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Britain except for the appearance of the season, they require little care outside of regular watering up.! Perhaps the most common species of annual, biennial, and the plant,... Camouflage plant for covering any low-lying eyesores the deer think of your garden a! Opportunity to take seeds, available from Amazon best with your consent of, Tom field of and. Back at the end of the long, beak-like fruit capsule that forms on some varieties,! 'Re ok with this shade Evelyn, so this may be lagging – your. Behavior through the website to function properly certainly be a better performer Doreen below on a thumbnail or. This way California, where it grows in zones 3-9 in either a container directly! Of foliage that grows to 24 '' tall and 18 '' wide specimen, cranesbill geranium native ) some.. The summer, then sow in spring or early summer for flowers the summer! Good camouflage plant for covering any low-lying eyesores a natural flanking taller shrubs weedy plants inside! 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